Key Stage 3


At West Bromwich Collegiate Academy we teach a three year Key Stage 3 curriculum that builds upon the science knowledge and skills that students have gained during their earlier years.

  • This ensures that the KS3 National Curriculum programme of study for Science is covered broadly and in depth. Students have the time and capacity to gain new knowledge and develop skills of scientific enquiry. Every student will have the opportunity to become a confident practical scientist, capable of proposing and testing hypothesis in the laboratory.
  • The three year curriculum provides the necessary time to enrich the learning of students with extended practical opportunities. The scientific competencies that underpin all units of work provide students with a mechanism to link the science knowledge gained in lessons to real life ideas applications. We teach concepts using relevant examples and case studies that students can relate to and care about. The interleaved model of learning allows students to return to ideas and skills that have been covered previously in order to achieve competence and mastery. As the scientific competencies are also covered and assessed within our Key Stage 3 Literacy for Life curriculum, students are able to make connections between Science lessons and the scientific areas of L4L themes.
  • We have a duty to deliver an outstanding Science education to the young people in our care. Through the delivery of the Science curriculum we provide them with a sense of curiosity, awe and wonder. We can inspire and equip the scientific innovators of the future with the skills they need to compete on a global stage. This generation of young people will train for jobs and industries that may not exist yet. They may have to retrain and change careers several times in their lifetimes. A thorough foundation of Science knowledge, skills and a passion for discovery is essential for their success.

Our Key Stage 3 Science Curriculum aims for students to:

  • Use scientific ideas and models to represent and explain abstract concepts.
  • Explore how and why scientific theories and ideas have changed over time
  • Identify the risks and benefits associated with the development of new ideas or technology.
  • Devise scientific enquiry questions that can be explored by investigation
  • Identify hazards and assess risks in a range of situations.
  • Follow and devise comprehensive methods to collect valid data within scientific enquiries.
  • Present data accurately and in a manner appropriate for the target audience.
  • Identify and analyse patterns within data in order to determine the nature of relationships.
  • Make and explain conclusions using scientific knowledge and understanding.
  • Make connections between concepts learned in Science, other areas of the curriculum and real life
  • Evaluate the reliability of scientific claims and to be able to question and challenge opinions.
  • Evaluate the accuracy, precision and reliability of data and procedures, making suggestions for improvements.
  • Communicate scientific ideas effectively with high standards of literacy and numeracy
  • Appreciate the important of primary and secondary evidence, including peer review
  • Apply mathematical skills to solve problems
  • Use scientific vocabulary and SI units consistently and correctly.
  • Apply a range of simple statistical techniques to support data collection.  

The 2023-24 Science Curriculum

This year, the Science Curriculum at WBCA has been designed to ensure that the Key Stage 3 National Curriculum is covered in depth for all students while providing opportunities for extended practical work and enrichment. The sequence of learning we have prepared provides opportunities for students to revisit and build upon their prior knowledge and working scientifically skills, in addition to acquiring an awareness of new practical techniques. The topics studied allows students to gain confidence in the fundamental scientific ideas that underpin the later stages of the curriculum, while allowing student to develop and deepen their understanding in applying knowledge to examples in the world around them.

Year 7 Curriculum 2023-24

Science in Year 7 is covered in 2 x 1 hour lessons per week in our state of the art laboratories. The key ideas are covered in the following topics throughout the year.

  • Working Scientifically
  • Biology – Cells
  • Chemistry – Particles
  • Physics – Forces
  • Biology – Organisation
  • Chemistry – Elements, Compounds and the Periodic Table
  • Physics – Electricity
  • Biology – Reproduction and Adolescence
  • Chemistry – Separation Techniques
  • Physics – Energy
  • Biology – Reproduction and Development
  • Chemistry – Acids and Alkalis
  • Physics – Light

Year 8 Curriculum 2023-24

Science in Year 8 builds upon the key ideas and skills learned in Year 7. Science lessons continue to be delivered in 2 x 1 hour sessions per week in our state of the art laboratories.

The key ideas are covered in the following topics. Working Scientifically skills and knowledge are embedded within all units of work.

  • Biology – Ecosystems
  • Chemistry – Metals and Non-Metals
  • Physics – Energy Transfers Through Heating
  • Biology – Respiration
  • Chemistry – Combustion
  • Physics – Forces and Elasticity (Hooke’s Law)
  • Biology – Photosynthesis
  • Chemistry – Energy Changes in Reactions
  • Physics – Speed
  • Biology – Health and Disease (Non-Communicable Diseases)
  • Chemistry – Chemical Reactions (Making Salts)
  • Physics – Magnetism
  • Physics – Pressure

Year 9 Curriculum 2023-24

In Year 9, Science is allocated 4 x 1 hour lessons per week in a continuation of the Key Stage 3 curriculum as students approach the transition to Key Stage 4. Year 9 is a crucial year where students make their choices of the subjects that they will study at Key Stage 4. All students will progress to study at least Combined Science in Year 10 and 11 though we hope to inspire as many students as possible to study Separate Sciences at GCSE level.

In Year 9, the fundamental ideas are extended upon further in the following topics:

  • Fundamental Ideas of Biology (Cell Biology)
  • Fundamental Ideas of Chemistry (Atomic Structure)
  • Introduction to Circuits
  • Environmental Science
  • The Periodic Table
  • Electrical Power
  • Life Processes – Digestion and Nutrition
  • Chemical Bonding 1 – Types of Chemicals
  • Energy Transfers
  • Life Processes 2 – Respiration
  • Chemical Bonding 2 – Chemical Equations
  • Waves
  • Genetics
  • Health and Disease (Non-Communicable Disease)
  • Organic Chemistry – Fuels and Materials

Key Stage 4: GCSE Science

Students who are taking GCSE Combined Science have 5 x 1 hour lessons per week. 

Students who study Separate Sciences have an additional 3 hours per week in order to cover the additional content.

The content covered in each of the three courses is outlined below:


Year 10

Cells and organisation

Year 10

Disease and bioenergetics

Year 10

Biological responses

Year 11

Genetics and reproduction

Year 11


  • Cell structure and transport
  • Cell division
  • Organisation and the digestive system
  • Organising plants and animals
  • Communicable disease
  • Preventing and treating disease
  • Non-communicable disease
  • Photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • The human nervous system
  • Hormonal coordination
  • Reproduction
  • Variation and evolution
  • Genetics and evolution
  • Adaptations, interdependence and competition
  • Organising and ecosystem
  • Biodiversity and ecosystems

Year 10

Atoms, bonding and moles

Year 10

Chemical reactions and energy changes

Year 11

Rates, equilibrium and organic chemistry

Year 11

Analysis and the Earth’s resources

  • Atomic structure
  • The Periodic Table
  • Structure and bonding
  • Chemical calculations
  • Chemical changes
  • Electrolysis
  • Energy changes
  • Rates and equilibrium
  • Crude oil and fuels
  • Chemical analysis
  • The Earth’s atmosphere
  • The Earth’s resources

Year 10

Energy and energy resources

Year 10

Particles at work

Year 11

Forces in action

Year 11

Waves, electromagnetism and space* (*Separate Science Only)

  • Conservation and dissipation of energy
  • Energy transfer by heating
  • Energy resources
  • Electric circuits
  • Electricity in the home
  • Molecules and matter
  • Radioactivity
  • Forces in balance
  • Motion
  • Forces and motion
  • Wave properties
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Electromagnetism
  • Space physics*

Maths Skills

  • Arithmetic and numerical computation
  • Handling data
  • Algebra
  • Graphs
  • Geometry and trigonometry

Practical Skills

Students will carry out a variety of experiments throughout their Science course. Some of these are known as Required Practicals, as they are a compulsory aspect of the GCSE Science courses. Students need to have knowledge and understanding of these as they form part of the terminal examinations. These practicals involve aspects of the following:

  • Planning
  • Making measurements and observations
  • Interpreting and analysing data
  • Drawing conclusion
  • Evaluating procedures

Students who are absent will be given opportunity to redo the Required Practicals, however, excellent attendance is essential for success in this course.

Required Practicals

  • Using a light microscope
  • Investigating the effect of a range of concentrations of salt or sugar solutions on the mass of plant tissue
  • Use standard food tests to identify food groups
  • Investigate the effect of pH on the rate of reaction of amylase enzyme
  • Investigate the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis
  • Investigate the effect of a factor on human reaction time
  • Measure the population size of a common species in a habitat
  • *Microbiology – investigating the effect of antiseptics or antibiotics on bacterial growth
  • *Investigating the effect of light or gravity on the growth of newly germinated seedlings
  • *Investigate the effect of temperature on the rate of decay of fresh milk
  • Prepare a salt from an insoluble metal carbonate or oxide
  • Investigate the electrolysis of a solution
  • Investigating temperature changes in reacting solutions
  • Investigating the effect of concentration on rate of reaction
  • Calculate Rf values in chromatography
  • Purify and test water
  • *Use titration to investigate reacting volumes
  • *Use chemical tests to identify unknown compounds
  • Determining specific heat capacity
  • Investigating resistance
  • Investigating electrical components
  • Calculating densities
  • Investigate the relationship between force and acceleration
  • Investigating plane wave in a ripple tank and waves in a solid
  • Investigating infra-red radiation
  • *Investigating thermal insulators
  • *Investigating reflection and refraction of light